What is a lab report?

A lab report is written on the basis of an assignment in which the student learns practical skills and applies his or her theoretical knowledge. The structure of the report does not differ much from other types of research papers. Particular attention is paid to the design of graphic elements. Writing a lab report is not easy, so if you don’t have time, you can safely turn to WiseEssays service with order write my lab report.

Structure of the report

Some institutions may recommend a different lab report structure to the one commonly used. But most reports use the structure below.

Cover page

The first page of your report is your cover page. The top of the page starts with the name of the graduate school and department. This is followed by the heading “Laboratory Work Report on…” and the topic. The right side of the page indicates the author (student), his group, teacher. At the bottom of the title page, you should enter the city and year of completion.


Immediately after the title page, you will begin with an introduction. A lab report is not considered to be long enough to require a table of contents. Therefore, most universities do not require a table of contents. In the introduction, the author states the objective and lists the tasks to be solved in accordance with it.

Information is given on the object and subject of the research, i.e. the scientific field under study and the problem it addresses. The introduction should immerse the reader in the essence of the report.

Theoretical part

The theoretical part depends on the discipline. In chemistry, a description of the reagents used, and reaction diagrams are required; in physics, formulas are required. There are also theorems, laws, software code snippets. The knowledge needed is presented in a concise thesis statement.

The practical part

After basic theoretical information is given to understand the subject of the laboratory work, a description of the experiment is given. The following must be listed:

  • Instruments, technical equipment, materials used;
  • The method of the experiment;
  • the course of the laboratory work performed by the student.

The practical part is compiled in such a way that the reader can understand that the author performed all the actions himself and reproduce his actions.

At the end of the practical part, a table is usually drawn up in which all the results obtained are clearly shown. If intermediate results were required in the laboratory work, they are also recorded in tables.


In the concluding part the author summarises the performed tasks, briefly summarises the data obtained and draws his own conclusions based on them.

Formatting requirements

The report on laboratory work should be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the university or the department. It is recommended to refer to the methodology and not to the works of previous years, because standards and non-obvious details may change over time.

Lab report frame

Some institutions require lab reports to be framed on pages. Its parameters depend on the particular university or department, so they should be taken from the lab work manual.


All graphic elements are signed and numbered in Arabic numerals. The text refers to the illustration first, followed by the image. All pictures are resized to the same size.


If a formula is referred to in the text, it should be placed immediately after a colon. Formulas in laboratory work reports are formatted according to standard rules for scientific texts.